Bill Introduced to Make Lynching a Federal Crime

By Frederick H. Lowe

Three African-American U.S. Senators have introduced a bill in Congress that if passed and signed into law would make lynching a federal crime. It is similar to legislation introduced earlier this month in the House  by U.S. Rep. Bobby Rush (D., Illinois).

Senators Cory Booker (D., N.J.), Kamala Harris (D., California) and Tim Scott (R., South Carolina),  on Friday introduced the “Justice for Victims of Lynching Act 2018.” The legislation would make lynching punishable as a hate crime.

Gov Track, which keeps track of legislation, does not have a record of the legislation. The  proposed law  also does not have a Senate bill number.

The lawmakers introduced the legislation after The National Memorial for Peace and Justice and the Legacy Museum opened in April.

The museum, which is based in Montgomery, Alabama,  is a memorial to the 4,400 black men, women and children lynched  between 1877 and 1950 in 12 Southern states.

Lynching in Duluth, Minnesota, in  1920. A white woman accused the men of rape, but an examination by a physician showed she had not been raped.

Lynchings also occurred in Nebraska, Indiana and Minnesota. Lynching were public events and white families sometimes held picnics to celebrate the murders of black men, women and children.

Lynchings didn’t  just include hanging people without benefit of a trial, they   also involved burning blacks at the stake. And as victims pleaded for mercy,  happy onlookers cut  off their fingers, hands, heads and in the case of men their pensis.

Tuskegee University keeps a record of lynching victims, and the book “At The Hands of Persons Unknown: Lynching of Black America” is an authoritative work on the terrorist murders of black people.

Philip Dray, the book’s author, said the 1964 murders of  James Chaney,  Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner, civil rights workers who were shot to death by the Klu Klux Klan and police and buried in an earthen grave in Neshoba County, Mississippi, was the last lynching in which a white mob collaborated with the police. Normally, law enforcement never investigated lynchings although the names of the murderers were well known.

It was also first time the federal government, since Reconstruction, investigated a lynching case in the South and secured convictions. Tuskegee University reported that the main years of lynching occurred between 1890 to 1937.

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