One Small Step: Teen Student’s Tiny Femto Satellite Chosen by NASA

NEW DELHI  — A femto-satellite designed by an 18-year-old engineering student in India has been selected by NASA to be used in one of its space missions this year.

Riyasdeen Samsudeen, a second-year mechatronics student at Sastra University in Tamil Nadu state, won last year’s Cubes in Space global competition for students ages 11 to 18 to design and propose experiments to launch into space.

A femto-satellite is low cost, with a mass lower than 100 grams.

Riyasdeen’s Femto-satellites. (Riyasdeen S)

“Riyasdeen’s satellites are named VISION SAT v1 and VISION SAT v2. Both are 37 mm in size and each weighs only 33 gm., making them the world’s lightest femto-satellites,” said Shyam Sundar, Riyasdeen’s mentor. “Each of them has 11 sensors onboard that record 17 parameters, including radiations, gases, magnetic field, etc.

“The purpose of these satellites is atmospheric and space studies. They are very strong and have high thermal properties which can withstand all the space conditions,” said Sundar, who formerly worked at INRO Labs, where Riyasdeen started working during his second year of high school. The Chennai-based lab teaches the basics of robotics and artificial intelligence on various space-related projects, among other things.

The weight of each satellite is approximately 33gm. (Riyasdeen S)

Riyasdeen has been working on science projects since childhood. At school, he conducted experiments and took part in science exhibitions.

“It was at INRO Labs that I started going for events and science competitions, which were held at the national or international level. These events helped me get a lot of exposure. The competition level was very high in them. That’s how I got involved in big projects,” Riyasdeen told Zenger News.

While working at INRO Labs, Riyasdeen learned about the Cubes in Space competition. The contest is offered in collaboration with NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and Langley Research Center, and the Colorado Space Grant Consortium.

“I applied for the 2019-20 edition of the Cubes in Space competition when I was in the 12th grade. I started my research in the 11th grade and it took me almost one-and-a-half years to complete it,” said Riyasdeen, whose design was chosen from among those entered by participants from 73 countries.

Some of Riyasdeen’s other achievements include being a runner-up in the junior category at a world robotics championship sponsored by Technoxian in 2018; and being selected to participate in a robotics festival sponsored by  Robotex  in 2019.

The certificate given to Riyasdeen by Cubes in Space. (Riyasdeen S)

Sastra  University has awarded Riyasdeen a $6,850 grant, which he intends to invest in his recently established startup, Spezar.

“Spezar will be involved in the research and development of different kinds of electronics, robotics, automation, 3-D printing technology and 3-D printing services,” Riyasdeen said. “I was planning it for the last six to eight months. Its government registration is also going on, and we will be able to start the research and development work by next month.”

Since Riyasdeen’s satellites are part of a research project, there are no possibilities for monetizing them. He said the main achievement is that the project will be launched by NASA.

“VISION SAT v1 will be a part of SR-7 NASA Rocket Mission that is expected to be launched from [NASA’s] Wallops Flight Facility in June 2021, and VISION SAT v2 of the NASA Balloon Mission RB-6 scheduled for launch in August 2021,” he said.

Riyasdeen with his prizes and trophies. (Riyasdeen S)

Riyasdeen’s future plans involve industrial projects that he plans to introduce under the label of his startup in the next six to 12 months. One project involves a robot that could interact with people and perform as a personal assistant in banks and other companies.

The news of his satellites has reached several politicians in India, some of whom have tweeted about his accomplishments.

“People are expecting a lot more from me,” said Riyasdeen. “I should not stop working hard, and I hope that I will be able to bring out good innovations that have a positive impact on society.”

(Edited by Judith Isacoff and Anindita Ghosh)

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